gertrude 2020-05-28
Ⅰ Samuel 19 : 1 - 24 Persecution of David. Saul discussed his intention to kill David with his son Jonathan and with all his servants. But Saul's son Jonathan, who was very fond of David, told him: "My father Saul is trying to kill you. Therefore, please be on your guard tomorrow morning; stay out of sight and remain in hiding.
gertrude 2020-05-26
Ⅰ Samuel 18 : 1 - 30 David and Jonathan. By the time David finished speaking with Saul, Jonathan's life became bound up with David's life; he loved him as his very self. Saul retained David on that day and did not allow him to return to his father's haouse. Jonathan and daived made a covenant, because Jonathan loved him as his very self. Jonathan took off the cloak he was wearing and handed it over to David, along with his military dress, even his sword, bow, and belt. David then carried out successfully every mission on which Saul sent him. So Saul put him in charge of his soldiers; this met with the approval of the whole army, even Saul's officers. Saul's Jealousy. At the approach of Saul and David, on David's return after striking down the Philistine, women came out from all the cities of Israel to meet Saul the king, singing and dancing, with tambourines, joyful songs, and stringed instruments. e women played and sang: "Saul has slain his thousands, David his tens of thousands." Saul was very angry and resentful of the song, for he thought: "They give David tens of thousands, but only thousands to me. Alll that remains for him is the kingship." From that day on, Saul kept a jealous eye on David. The next day evil spirit from God rushed upon Saul, and he raged in his house. David was in attendance, playing the harp as at other times, while Saul was holding his spear. Saul poised the spear, thinking, "I will nail David to the wall!" But twice David escaped him. Saul then began to fear David because the LORD was with him but had turned away from Saul. Saul sent him out of his presence and appointed him a field officer. So David led the people on their military expeditions and prospered in all his ways, for the LORD was with him. Seeing how he prospered, Saul feared David. But all Israel and Judah loved David, since he led them on their expeditions. Saul Plots Against David. Saul said to David, "Look, I will give you my older daughter, Merob, in marriage if you become my warrior and fight the battles of the LORD." Saul thought, "I will not lay a hand on him. Let the hand of the Philistines strike him." But David answered Saul: "Who am I? And who are my kindred or my father's clan in Israel that I should become the king's son-in-law?" But the when the time came for Saul's daughter Merob to be given to David, she was given as wife to Adriel the Meholathite instead. Now Saul's daughter Michal loved David. When this was reported to Saul, he was pleased. He thought, "I will offer her to him as a trap, so that the hand of the Philistines may strike him." So for the second time Saul said to David, "You shall become my son-in-law today." Saul then ordered his servants, "Speak to David privately and say: The king favors you, and all his officers love you. You should become son-in-law to the king." But when Saul's servants mentioned this to David, he said: "Is becoming the king's son-in-law a trivial matter in your eyes? I am poor and insignificant." When his servants reported David's answer to him, Saul commanded them, "Say this to David: The king desires no other price for the bride than the foreskins of one hundred Philistines, that he may thus take vengeance on his enemies." Saul intended to have David fall into the hands of the Philistines. When the servants reported this offer to David, he was pleased with the prospect of becoming the king's son-in-law. Before the year was up, David arose and went with his men and slew two hundred Philistines. He brought back their foreskins and counted them out before the king that he might become the king's son-in-law. So Saul gave him his daughter Michal as wife. Then Saul realized that the LORD was with David and that his own daughter Michal loved David. So Saul feared David all the more and was his enemy ever after. The Philistine chiefs continued to make forays, but each time they took the field, David was more successful against them than any of Saul's other officers, and his name was held in great esteem.
gertrude 2020-05-10
Ⅰ Samuel 17 : 1 - 58 The Challenge of Goliath. The Philistines rallied their forces for batte[le at Socoh in Judah and camped between Socoh and Azekah at Ephes-dammim. Saul and the Israelites ralied and camped in the valley of the Elah, drawing up their battle line to meet the Philistines. The Philistines were stationed on one hill and the Israelites on an opposite hill, with a valley between them. Achampion named Goliath of Gath came out from the Philistine camp; he was six cubits and a span tall. He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore a bronze breastplate of scale armor weighing five thousand shekls, bronze greaves, and had a bronze scimitar slung from his shoulders. The shaft of his javelin was like a weaver's beam, and its iron head weighed six hundred shekels. His shield-bearer went ahead of him. He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel: "Why come out in battle formation? I am a Philistine, and you are Saul's servants. Choose one of your men, and have him come down to me. If he beats me in combat and kills me, we will be your vassals; but if I beat him and kill him, you shall be our vassals and serve us." The Philistine continued: "I defy the ranks of Israel today. Give me a man and let us fight togather." When Saul and all Israel heared this challenge of the Philistine, they were stunned and terrified. David Comes to the Camp. David was the son of an Ephrathite named Jesse from Bethlehem in Judah who had eight sons. In the days of Saul Jesse was old and well on in years. The three oldest sons of Jesse had followed Saul to war; the names of these three sons who had gone off to war were Eliab the firstborn; Abinadab the second; and Shammah the thrid. David was the youngest. While the three oldest had joined Saul, David would come and go from Saul's presence to tend his father's sheep at Bethlehem. Meanwhile the Philistine came forward and took his stand morning and evening for forty days. Now Jesse said to his son David: "Take this ephah of roasted grain and these ten loaves for your brothers, and bring them quickly to your brothers in the camp. Also take these ten cheeses for the field officer. Greet your brothers and bring home some token from them. Saul and your brothers, together with all Israel, are at war with the Philistines in the valley of the Elah." Early the next morning, having left the flock with a shepherd, David packed up and set out , as Jesse had commanded him. He reached the barricade of the camp just as the army, on their way to the battleground, were shouting their battle cry. The Israelites and the Philistines drew up opposite each other in battle array. David entrusted what he had brought to the keeper of the baggage and hastened to the battle line, where he greeted his brothers. While he was talking with them, the Philistine champion, by name Goliath of Gath, came up from the ranks of the Philistines and spoke as before, and David listened. When the Israelites saw the man, they all retreated before him, terrified. The Israelites had been saying: "Do you see this man coming up? He comes up to insult Israel. The king will make whoever kills him a very wealthy man. He will give his daughter to him and declare his father's family exempt from taxes in Israel." David now said to the men standing near him: "How will the man who kills this Philistine and frees Israel from disgrace be rewarded? Who os this uncircumcised Philistine that he should insult the armies of the living God?" They repeated the same words to him and said, "That is how the man who kills him will be rewarded." When Eliab, his oldest brother, heard him speaking with the men, he grew angry with David and said: "Why did you come down? With whom have you left those sheep in the wilderness? I know your arrogance and dishonest heart. You came down to enjoy the battel!" David protested, "What have I done now? I was only talking." He turned from him to another and asked the same question; and everyone gave him the same answer as befoere. The words that David had spoken were overheard and reported to Saul, who sent for him. David Challenges Goliath. Then David spoke to Saul: "My lord should not lose heart. Let your servent go and fight this Phhilistine." But Saul answered David, "You cannot go up against this Philistine and fight with him, for you are only a youth, while he has been a warrior from his youth." Then David told Saul: "Your servant used to tend his father's sheep. and whenever a lion or bear came to carry off a sheep from the flock, I would chase after it, attack it, and snatch the prey from its mouth. If it attacked me, I would seize it by the throat, strike it, and kill it. Your servant has killed both a lion and a bear. This uncircumcised Philistine will be as one them, because he has insulted the armies of the living God." David continued; "The same LORD who delivered me from the claws of the lion and the bear will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine." Saul answered David, "Go! the LORD will be with you." Preparation for the Encounter. Then Saul dressed David in his own tunic, putting a bronze helmet on his head and arming him with a coat of mail. David also fastened Saul's sword over the tunic. He walked with difficulty, howerver, since he had never worn armor before. He said to Saul, "I cannot go in these, because I am not used to them." So he took them off. Then, staff in hand, David selected five smooth stones from the wadi and put them in the pocket of his shepherd's bag With his sling in hand, he approached the Philistine. David's Victory. With his shield-bearer marching before him, the Philistine advanced closer to David. When he sized David up and saw that he was youthful, ruddy, and handsome in appearance, he began to deride him. He said to David, "Am I a dog that you come against me with a staff?" Then the Philistine cursed David by his gods and said to him, "Come here to me, and I will feed your flesh to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field." David answered him: "You come against me with sword and spear and scimitar, but I come against you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel whom you have insulted. Today the LORD shall deliver you into my hand; I will strike you down and cut off your head. This very day I will feed your dead body and the dead bodies of the Philistine army to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field; thus the whole land shall learn that Israel has God. All this multitude, too, shall learn that it is not by sword or spear that the LORD saves. For the battle belongs to the LORD, who shall deliver you into our hands." The Philistine then moved to meet David at close quarters, while David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine. David put his hand into the bag and took out a stone, hurled it with the sling, and struck the Philistine on the forehead. The stone embedded itself in his brow, and he fell on his face to the ground. Thus David triumphed over the Philistine with sling and stone; he struck the Philistine dead, and did it without a sword in his hand. When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they fled. Flifgt of the Philistines. Then the men of Israel and Judah sprang up with a battle cry and pursued them to the approaches of Gath and to the gates of Ekron, and Philistines fell wounded along the read from Shaaraim as far as Gath and Ekron. When they returned from their pursuit of the Philistines, the Israelites looted their camp. David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem; but he kept Goliath's armor in his own tent. David Presented to Saul. As Saul watched David go out to meet the Philistine, he asked his general Abner, "Abner, whose son is that young man?" Abner replied, "On your life, O king, I have no idea." And the king said, "Find out whose son the lad is." So when David returned from slaying the Philistine, Abner escorted him into Saul's presence. David was still holding the Philistine's head. Saul then asked him, "Whose son are you, young man?" David replied, "I am the son of your servant Jesse of Bethlehem."
gertrude 2020-05-06
Ⅰ Samuel 16 : 1 -23 Samuel Is Sent to Bethlehem. The LORD said to Samuel: How long will you greve for Saul, whom I have rejected as king of Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and be on your way. I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem, for from among his sons I have decided on a king. But Samuel replied: "How can I go? Saul will hear of it and kill me." To this the LORD answered: Take a heifer along and say, "I have come to sacrifice to the LORD." Invite Jesse To the sacrifice, and I myself will tell you what to do; you are to anoint for me the one I point out to you. Samuel Anoints David. Samuel did as the LORD had commanded him. When he entered Bethlehem, the elders of the city came trembling to meet him and asked, "Is your visit peaceful, O seer?" He replied: "Yes! I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. So purify yourselves and celebrate with me today." He also had Jesse and his sons purify themselves and invited them to the sacrifice. As they came, he looked at Eliab and thought, "Surely the anointed is here before the LORD." But the LORD said to Samuel: Do not judge from his appearance. The LORD looks into the heart. Then Jesse called Abinadab and presented him before Samuel, who said, "The LORD has not chosen him." Next Jesse presented Shammah, but Samuel said, "The LORD has not chosen this one either." In the same way Jesse presented seven sons before Samuel, but Samuel said to Jesse, "The LORD has not chosen any one of these." Then Samuel asked Jesse, "Are these all the sons you have?" Jesse replied, "There is still the youngest, but he is tending the sheep." Samuel said to Jesse, "Send for him; we will not sit down to eat until he arrives here." Jesse had the young man brought to them. He was ruddy, a youth with beautiful eyes, and good looking. The LORD said: There---anoint him, for this is the one! Then Samuel, with the horn of oil in hand, anointed him in the midst of his brothers, and from that day on, the spirit of the LORD rushed upon David. Then Samuel set out for Ramah. David Wins Saul's Approval. The spirit of the LORD had departed from Saul, and he was tormented by an evil spirit from the LORD. So the servents of Saul said to him: "Look! An evil spirit from God is tormenting you. If your lordship will order it, we, your servants here attending to you, will look for a man skilled in playing the harp. When the evil spirit from God comes upon you, he will play and you will feel better." Saul then told his servants, "Find me a good harpist and bring him to me." One of the servants spoke up: "I have oberved that a son of Jesse of Bethlehem is a skillful harpist. He is also a brave warrior, an able speaker, and a handsome young man. The LORD is certainly with him." David Made Armor-Bearer. Accordingly, Saul dispatched messengers to ask Jesse to send him his son David, who was with the flock. Then Jesse took five loaves of bread, a skin of wine, and a young goat, and sent them to Saul with his son David. Thus David came to Saul and entered his service. Saul became very fond of him and made him his armor-bearer. Saul sent Jesse the Message, "Let David stay in my service, for he meets with my approval." Whenever the spirit from God came upon Saul, David would take the harp and play, and Saul would be relieved and feel better, for the evil spirit would leave him.
gertrude 2020-05-05
Ⅰ Samuel 15 : 1 - 35 Disobedience of Saul. Samuel said to Saul: "It was I the LORD sent to anoint you king over his people Israel. Now, therefore, listen to the message of the LORD. Thus says the LORD of hosts: I will punish what Amalek did to the Israelites when he barred their way as they came up from Egypt. Go, now, attack Amalek, and put under the ban everything he has. Do not spare him; kill men and women, children and infants, oxen and sheep, camels and donkeys." Saul alerted the army, and at Telaim reviewed two hundred thousand foot soldiers and ten thousand men of Judah. Saul went to the city of Amalek and set up an ambush in the wadi. He warned the Kenites: "Leave Amalek, turn aside and come down so I will not have to destroy you with them, for you were loyal to the Israelites when they came up from Egypt." After the Kenites left. Saul routed Amalek from Havilah to the approaches of Shur, on the frontier of Egypt. He took Agag, king of Amalek, alive, but the rest of the people he destroyed by the sword, putting them under the ban. He and his troops spared Agag and the best of the fat sheep and oxen, and the lambs. They refused to put under the ban anything that was worthwhile, destroying only what was worthless and of no account. Samuel Rebukes Saul. Then the word of the LORD came to Samuel: Then the word of the LORD came to Samuel: I regret having made Saul king, for he has turned from me and has not kept my command. At this Samuel grew angry and cried out to the LORD all night. Early in the morning he went to meet Saul, but was informed that Saul had gone to Carmel, where he set up a monument in his own honor, and that on his return he had gone down to Gilgal. When Samuel came to him, Saul greeted him: "The LORD bless you! I have kept the command of the LORD." But Samuel asked, "What, then, is this bleating of sheep that comes to my ears, the lowing of oxen that I hear?" Saul replied: "They were brought from Amalek. The people spared the best sheep and oxen to sacrifice to the LORD, your God; but the rest we destroyed, putting them under the ban." Samuel said to Saul: "Stop! Let me tell you what the LORD said to me last night." "Speak!" "Speak!" he replied. Samuel then said: "Though little in your own eyes, are you not chief of the tribes of Israel? The LORD anointed you king of Israel and sent you on a mission, saying: Go and put the sinful Amalekites under a ban of destruction. Fight against them until you have exterminated them. Why then have disobeyed the LORD? You have pounced on the spoil, thus doing what was evil in the LORD's sight." Saul explained to Samuel: "I did indeed obey the LORD and fulfill the mission on which the LORD sent me. I have brought back Agag, the king of Amalek, and carrying out the ban, I have destroyed the Amalekites. But from the spoil the army took shaeep and oxen, the best of what had been banned, to sacrifice to the LORD your God in Gilgal." But Samuel said: "Does the LORD delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as much as in obedience to the LORD's command? Obedience is better than sacrifice, to lisen, better than the fat of rams. For a sin of divination is rebellion, and arrogance, the crime of idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, the LORD in turn has rejected you as king." Rejection of Saul. Saul admitted to Samuel: "I have sinned, for I have transgressed the command of the LORD and your instructions. I feared the people and obeyed them. Now forgive my sin, and return with me, that I may worship the LORD." But Samuel said to Saul, "I will not return with you, because you rejected the word of the LORD and the LORD has rejected you as king of Israel." As Samuel turned to go, Saul seized a loose end of his garment, and it tore off. So Samuel said to him: "The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you this day, and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you. The Glory of Israel neither deceives nor repents, for he is not a mortal who repents." But Saul answered: "I have sinned, yet honor me now before the elders of my people and before Israel. Return with me that I may worship the LORD your God." And so Samuel returned with him, and Saul worshiped the LORD. Samuel Executes Agag. Afterward Samuel commanded, "Bring Agag, king of Amalek, to me. Agag came to him struggling and saying, "So it is bittler death!" And Samuel said, "As your sword has made women childless, so shall your mother be childless among women." Then he cut Agag to pieces before the LORD in Gilgal. Samuel departed for Ramah, while Sauel went up to his home in Gibeah of Saul. Never again, as long as he lived, did Samuel see Saul. Yet he grieved over Saul, because the LORD repented that he had made him king of Israel.
gertrude 2020-05-02
Ⅰ Samuel 14 : 1 - 52 One day Jonathan, son of Saul, said to his armor-bearer, "Come, let us go over to the Phillistine outpost on the other side." But he did not inform his father--- Saul was sitting under the pomegranate tree in Migron on outskirts of Gibeah; with him were about six hundred men. Ahijah, son of Ahitub, broter of Ichabod, the son of Phinehas, son of Eli, the priest of the LORD at Shiloh, was wearing the ephod---nor did the soldiers know that Jonathan had gone. Flanking the ravine through which Jonathan intended to cross to the Philistine outpost were rocky crags on each side, one named Bozez and the other Seneh. One crag was to the north, toward Michmash; the other to the south, toward Geba. Jonathan said to his armor-bearer. "Come, let us go over to that outpost of the uncircumcised. Perhaps the LORD will help us, because it is no more difficult for the LORD to grant victory by means of a few than it is by means of many." His armor-bearer replied, "Do whatever you think best, I am with you in whatever you decide." Jonathan continued: "When we cross over to those men, we will be visible to them. If they say to us, 'Stay there until we can come to you,' we will stop where we are; we will not go up to them. But if they say, 'Come up to us,' we will go up, because the LORD has delivered them into our hand. That will be our sign." When the two of them came into the view of the Philistine outpost, the Philistines remarked, "Look, some Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have been hiding." The men of the outpost called to Jonathan and his armor-bearer. "Come up here," they said, "and we will teach you a lesson." So Jonathan said to his armor-bearer, "Climb up after me, for the LORD has delivered them into the hand of Israel." Jonathan clambered up with his armor-bearer, who followed him, would finish them off. In this attack Jonathan and his armor-bearer killed about twenty men within half a furlong. Then terror spread through the camp and the countryside; all the soldiers in the outpost and in the raiding parties shuddered in terror. The earth shook with an awesome shuddering. Rout of the Philistines. Saul's sentinels in Gibeah of Benjamin saw that the enemy camp had scattered and were running in all directions. Saul said to those around him, "Count the troops and find out if any of us are missing." When they had taken the count, they found Jonathan and his armor-bearer missing. Saul then said to Ahijah, "Bring the ephod here." (Ahijah was wearing the ephod before the Israelites at that time.) While Saul was speaking to the priest, the uproar in the Philistine camp kept increasing. So he said to the priest, "Withdraw your hand." And Saul and all his men rellied and rushed into the fight, where the Philistines, wholly confused, were thrusting swords at one another. The Hebrews who had previously sided with the Philistines and had gone up with them to their camp turned to join the Israelites under Saul and Jonathan. Likewise, all the Israelites who were hiding in the hill country of Ephraim, hearing that the Philistines were fleeing, kept after them in the battle. Thus the LORD saved Israel that day. Saul's Oath The battle contiued past Beth-aven. Even though the Israelites were exhausted that day, Saul laid an oath on them, saying. "Cursed be the one who takes food before evening , before I am able to avenge myself on my enemies." So none of saying, "Cursed be the one who takes food before evening, before I am able to avenge myself on my enemies." So none of the people tasted food. Now there was a honeycomb lying on the ground, and when the soldiers came to the comb the honey was flowing; yet no one raised a hand from it to his mouth, because the people feared the oath. Violation of the Oath. Jonathan, who had not heard that his father had put the people under oath, thrust out the end of the staff he was holding and dipped it into the honeycomb. Then he raised it to his mouth and his eyes brightened. At this , one of the soldiers spoke up: "Your father put the people under a strict oath, saying, 'Cursed be the one who takes food today!' As a result the people are weakened." Jonathan replied: "My father brings trouble to the land. Look how bright my eyes are because I had this little taste of honey. What is more, if the army had eaten freely of the enemy's plunder when they came across it today, surely the slaughter of the Philistines would have been the greater by now!" Consuming the Blood. After the Philistines were routed that day from Michmash to Aijalon, the people were completely exhausted. So the army pounced upon the plunder and took sheep, oxen, and calves, slaughtering them on the ground and eating the meat with the blood in it. Informed that the army was sinning against the LORD by eating the meat with blood in it, Saul said: "You have broken faith. Roll a large stone have for me." He continued: "Mingle with the people and tell each of them, 'Bring an ox or sheep to me. Slaughter them here and then eat. But you must not sin against the LORD by eating meat with blood in it."' So that night they all brought whatever oxen they had seized, and they slaughtered them there; and saul built an altar to the LORD---this was the first time he built an altar to the LORD. Jonathan in Danger of Death. Then Saul said, "Let us go down in pursuit of the Philistines by night, to plunder them until daybreak and leave no one alive." They replied, "Do what you think best." But the priest said, "Let us consult God." So Saul inquired of God: "Shall I go down in pursuit of the Philistines? Will you deliver them into the hand of Israel?" But he received no answer on this occasion. "All the LORD lives who has given victory to Israel, even if my son Jonathan has committed it, he shall surely die!" But none of the People answered him. So he said to all Israel, "Stand on one side, and my son Jonathan and I will stand on the other." The people responded, "Do what you think best." And Saul said to the LORD, the God of Israel: "Why did you not answer your servant this time? If the blame for this resides in me or my son Jonathan, LORD, God of Israel, respond with Urim; but if this guilt is in your people Israel, respond with Thummim. " Jonathan and Saul were designated, and the people went free. Saul then said, "Cast lost between me and my son Jonathan. "And Jonathan was designated. Saul said to Jonathan, "Tell me what you have done." Jonathan replied, "I only tasted a little honey from the end of the staff I was holding. Am I to die for this?" Saul declared, "May God do thus to me, and more, if you do not indeed die, Jonathan!" Rescue of Jonathan. But the soldiers protested to Saul: "Is Jonathan to die, the man who won this great victory for Isarel? This must not be! As the LORD lives, not a single hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for God was with him in what he did today!" Thus the soldiers rescued Jonathan and he did not die. Afther that Saul gave up the pursuit of the Philistines, who returned to their own territory. Saul's Victories. After taking possession of the kingship over Israel, Saul waged war on its enemies all around-Moab, the Ammonites, Edom, the kings of Zobah, and the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he was successful and fought bravely. He defeated Amalek and delivered Israel from the hand of those who were plundering them. Saul's Family. The sons of Saul were Jonathan, Ishvi, and Malchishua; the name of his firstborn daughter was Merob; the name of the younger was Michal. The name of Saul's wife was Ahimaaz. The name of his general was Abner, son of Ner, Saul's uncle; Kish, Saul's father, and Ner, Abner's father, were sons of Abiel. There was heavy fighting with the Philistines during Saul's lifetime. Whenever Saul saw any strong or brave man, he took him into his service.
gertrude 2020-05-01
Ⅲ. Saul and David Ⅰ Samul 13 : 1 - 23 〔Saul was... years old when he became king and he reigned...two years over Israel.〕 Saul Offers Sacrifice. Saul chose three thousand of Israel, of whom two thousand remained with him in Michmash and in the hill country of Bethel, and one thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. He sent the rest of the army bake to their tents. Now Jonathan struck the Philistine garrison in Gibeah, and the Philistines got word of it. Then Saul sounded the horn throughout the land, saying, "Let the Hebrews hear!" Then all Israel heard the report, "Saul has struck the garrison of the Philistines! Israel has become odious to the Philistines!" Then the army was called up to Saul in Gilgal. The Philistines also assembled for battle against Israel, with thrity thousand chariots, six thousand horsemen, and foot soldiers as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They came up and encamped in Michmash, east of Beth-aven. When the soldiers saw they were in danger because the army was hardpressed, they hid themselves in caves, thickets, rocks, caverns, and cisterns. Other Hebrews cressed the Jordan into the land of Gad and Gilead. Saul, hawever, held out in Gilgal, all his army trembling in fear behind him. He waited seven days, until the appointed time Samuel had set, but Samuel did not come, and the army deserted Saul. He then said, "Bring me the burnt offering and communion offerings!" Then he sacrificed the burnt offering. King Saul Reproved. As he finished sacrificing the burnt offering, there came Samuel! So Saul went out toward him in order to greet him. Samuel asked him, "What have you done?" Saul explanined: "When I saw that the army was deserting me and you did not come on the appointed day, and that the Philistines were assembling at Michmash, I said to myself, 'Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not yet sought the LORD's blessing.' So I thought I should sacrifice the burnt offering." Samuel replied to Saul: "You have acted foolishly! Had you kept the command the LORD your God gave you, the LORD would now establish your kingship in Israel forever; but now your kingship shall not endure. The LORD has sought out a man after his own heart to appoint as ruler over his people because you did not observe what the LORD commanded you." Philistine Invasion. The Samuel set out from Gilgal and went his own way; but what was left of the army went up after Saul to meet the soldiers, going from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. Saul then counted the soldiers he had with him, about six hundred. Saul, his son Jonathan, and the soldiers they had with them were now occupying Geba of Benjamin, and the Philistines were encamped at Michmash. Meanwhile, raiders left the camp of the Philistines in three bands. One band took the Ophrah road toward the district of Shual; another turned in the direction of Beth-horon; and the thrid took the read for Geba that overlooks the Valley of the Hyenas toward the desert. Disarmament of Israel. Not a single smith was to be found anywhere in Israel, for the Philistines had said, "Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears." All Israel, therefore, had to go down to the Philistines to sharpen their plowshares, mattocks, axes, and sickles. The price for the plowshares and mattocks was two thrids of a shekel, and a third of a shekel for sharpening the axes and for setting the ox-goads. And so on the day of battle neither sword nor spear could be found in the hand of any of the soldiers with Saul or Jonathan. Only Saul and his son Jonathan had them. Jonathan's Exploit. An outpost of the Philistines had pushed forward to the pass of Michmash.
gertrude 2020-04-30
ⅠSamuel 12 : 1- 26 Samuel's Integrity. Samuel addressed all Israel: " I have granted your request in every respect," he said. "I have set a king over you and now the king will lead you. As for me, I am old and gray, and my sons are among you. I was your leader from my youth to the present day. Here I stand! Answer me in the presence of the LORD and the LORD's anointed. Whose ox have I accepted a bribe and shut my eyes because of it? I will make restitution to you." They replied, "You have neither cheated us, nor oppressed us, nor accepted anything from anyone." So he said to them, "The LORD is witness against you this day, and the LORD's anointed is witness, that you have found nothing in my possession." "The LORD is withness," they said. Samuel Admonishes the People. Samuel contined: "The LORD is witness, who appointed Moses and Aaron and brought your ancestors up from the land of Egypt. Now take your stand, that I may judge you in the presence of the LORD according to all the gracious acts that the LORD has done for you and your ancestors. When Jacob and his sons went to Egypt and the Egyptians oppressed them, your ancestors cried out to the LORD. The LORD then sent Moses and Aaron to bring them out of Egypt and settled them in this place. But they forgot the LORD their God; and so the LORD sold them into the power of Sisera, the capain of the army of Hazor, the power of the Philistines, and the power of the king of Moab, who made war against them. They cried out to the LORD and said, 'We have sinned because we abandoned the LORD and served the Baals and Astartes. Now deliver us from the power of our enemies, and we will serve you.' The LORD sent Jerubbaal, Barak, Jephthah, and Samuel, he delivered you from the power of your enemies on every side, so that you could live in security. Yet, when you saw Nahash, king of the Ammonites, advancing against you, you said to me, 'No! A king must rule us,'even though the LORD your God is your king. Warnings for People and King. "Now here is the king you chose. See! The LORD has given you a king. If you fear and serve the LORD, if you listen to the voice of the LORD and do not rebel against the LORD's command, if both you and the king, who rules over you follow the LORD your God---well and good. But if you do not listen to the voice of the LORD and if you rebel against the LORD's command, the hand of the LORD will be against you and your king. Now then, stand ready to witness the great marvel the LORD is about to accomplish before your eyes. Are we not the harvest time for wheat? Yet I will call upon the LORD, and he will send thunder and rain. Thus you will see and understand how great an evil it is in the eyes of the LORD that you have asked for a king." Samuel called upon the LORD, and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day. Then all the people feared the LORD and Samuel. Assistance Promised. They said to Samuel, "Pray to the LORD your God for us, your servants, that we may not die for having added to all our other sins the evil of asking for a king." "Do not fear," Samuel answered them. "You have indeed committed all this evil! Yet do not turn from the LORD, but serve him with your whole heart. Do not turn aside to gods who are nothing, who cannot act and deliver. They are nothing. For the sake of his own great name the LORD will not abandon his people, since the LORD has decided to make you his people. As for me, for be it from me to sin against the LORD by ceasing to pray for you and to teach you the good and right way. But you must fear the LORD and serve him faithfully with all your heart, for you have seen the great things the LORD has done among you. If instead you continue to do evil, both you and your king shall be swept away."
gertrude 2020-04-28
ⅠSamuel : 11 : 1 - 15 Defeat of the Ammonites. About a mounth later, Nahsah the Ammonite went up and besieged Jabesh-gilead. All the people of Jabesh begged Nahash, "Make a treaty with us, and we will serve you." But Nahash the Ammonite replied, "This is my condition for making a treaty a with you: I will gouge out the right eye of every man, and thus bring shame on all Israel." The elders of Jebesh said to him: "Give us seven days to send messengers throughout the territory of Israel. If there is no one to save us, we will surrender to you." When the messengers arrived at Gibeah of Saul and reported the news in the people's hearing, they all wept aloud. Just then Saul camee in from the field, behind his oxen. "Why are the people weeping?" he asked. They repeated the message of the inhabitants of Jebesh for him. As he listened to this report, the spirit of God rushed upon him and became very angry. When Saul reviwed them in Bezek, there were three hundred thousand Israelites and seventy thousand Judahites. Taking a yoke of oxen, he cut them into pieces and sent them throughout the territory of Israel by messengers saying, "If anyone does not come out to follow Saul and Samuel, the same thing will be done to his oxen!" The dread of the LORD came upon the people and they went forth as one. To the messengers who had come he said, "Tell the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead that tomorrow, when the sun grows hot, they will be saved." The messengers went and reported this to the inhabitants of Jabesh, and they rejoiced. The men of Jabesh said to Nahash, "Tomorrow we will surrender to you, and you may do with us whatever you want." The next day, Saul arranged his troops in three companies and invaded the camp during the dawn watch. They slaughtered Ammonites until the day had gotten hot; by then the survivors were so scattered that no two of them were left together. Saul Accepted as King. The people then said to Samuel: "Who questioned whether Saul should rule over us? Hand them over and we will put them to death." But Saul objected, "No one will be put to death this day, for today the LORD has rescued Israel." Samuel said to the people, "Come, let us go to Gilgal to renew the kingship there." So all the people, went to Gilgal, and there they made Saul king in the LORD's presence. They also sacrificed communion offerings there before the LORD, and Saul all the Israelites rejoiced greatly.
youngteres… 2020-04-27
1Samuel 10:1- Then, from a flask he had with him, Samuel poured oil on Saul's head; he also kissed him, saying: "The LORD anoints you commander over his heritage. You are to govern the LORD'S people Israel, and to save them from the grasp of their enemies round about. "This will be the sign for you that the LORD has anointed you commander over his heritage: The Signs Foretold. When you leave me today, you will meet two men near Rachel's tomb at Zelzah in the territory of Benjamin. They will say to you, 'The donkeys you went to look for have bee found. Now your father is no longer worried about the donkeys, but is anxious about you and says: What shall I do about my son?' Farther on, when you arrive at the oak of Tabor, three men will meet you as they go up to God at Bethel; one will be bringing three young goats, another three loaves of bread, and the third a skin of wine. They will greet you and offer you two elevated offerings of bread, which you should accept from them. After that you will come to Gibeath-elohim, where the Philistine garrison is located. As you enter that city, you will meet a band of prophets coming down from the high place. They will be preceded by lyres, tambourines, flutes, and harps, and will be in prophetic ecstasy. The spirit of the LORD will rush upon you, and you will join them in their prophetic ecstasy and will become a changed men. When these signs have come to pass, do whatever lies to hand, because God is with you. Now go down ahead of me to Gilgal, for I shall come down to you, to offer burnt offerings and to sacrifice communion offerings. Wait seven days until I come to you; I shall then tell you what you must do." The Signs Come to Pass. As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changed his heart. That very day all these signs came to pass.... From there they arrived at Gibeah, where a band of prophets met Saul. and the spirit of God rushed upon him, so that he joined them in their prophetic ecstasy. When all who had known him previously saw him in a prophetic state among the prophets, they said to one another, "What has happened to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?" And someone from that district responded, "And who is their father?" Thus the saying arose, "Is Saul also among the prophets?" When he came out of the prophetic ecstasy, he went home. Silence About the Kingship. Saul's uncle asked him and his servant, "Where have you been?" Saul replied, "Looking for the donkeys. When we could not find them, we went to Samuel." Saul's uncle said, "Tell me, then, what Samuel said to you." Saul said to his uncle, "He assured us that the donkeys had been found." But Saul told him nothing about what Samuel had said about the kingship. Saul Chosen King. Samuel called the people together to the LORD at Mizpah and addressed the Israelites: "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel: It was I who broght Israel up from Egypt and delivered you from the power of the Egyptians and from the power of all the kingdoms that oppressed you. But today you have rejected your God, who saves you from all your evils and calamities, by saying, 'No! You must appoint a king over us.' Now, therefore, take your stand before the LORD according to your tribes and families." So Samuel had all the tribes of Israel come forward, and the tribe of Benjamin was chosen. Next he had the tribe of Benjamin come forward by clans, and the clan of Matri was chosen, and finally Saul, son of Kish, was chosen. But when they went to look for him, he was nowhere to be found. Again they consulted the LORD, "Is there still someone else to come forward?" The LORD ansered: He is hiding among the baggage. The ran to bring him from there; when he took his place among the people, he stood head and shoulders above all the peoele.
gertrude 2020-04-26
ⅠSmuel 9 : 1 -27 Saul. There was a powerful man from Benjamin named Kish, who the son of Abiel, son of Becorath, son of Aphiah, a Benjaminite. He had a son named Saul, who was a handsome young man. There was no other Israelite more handsome than Saul; he stood head and shoulers above the people. The Lost Donkeys. Now the donkeys of Saul's father, Kish, had wandered off. Kish said to his son Saul, "Take one of the servants with you and go out and hunt for the donkeys." So they went through the hill country of Ephraim, and through the land of Shalishah. Not finding them there they continued through the land of Shaalim without success. They also went through the land of Benjamin, but they failed to find the animals. When they came to the land of Zuph, Saul said to the servant who was him, "Come, let us turn back, lest my father forget about the donkeys and become anxious about us." The servent replied, "Listen! There is a man of God in this city, a man held in high esteem; everything he says comes true. Let us go there now! Perhaps he can advise us about the journey we have undertaken." But Saul said to his servant, "If we go, what can we offer the man? The food in our bags has run out, we have no present to give the man of God. What else do we have?" Again the servant answered Saul, "I have a shekel of silver. If I give that to the man of God, he will advise us about the journey." (In former times in Israel, anyone who went to consult God used to say, "Come, let us go to the seer." For the one who is now called prophet was formerly called seer.) Saul then said to his servant, "You are right! Come on, let us go!" So they headed toward the city where the man of God lived. Meeting the Young Women. As they were going up the path to the city, they met some women coming out to draw water and they asked them, "Is the seer in town?" The young women answered, "Yes, there---straight ahead. Hurry now; just today he came to the city, because the people have a sacrifice today on the high place. When you enter the city, you may reach him before he goes up to the high place to eat. The people will not eat until he arrives; only after he blesses the sacrifice will the invited guests eat. The people will not eat until he arrives; only after he blesses the sacrifice will the invited guests eat. Go up immediately, for you should find him right now." Saul Meets Samuel. So They went up to the city. As they entered it---there was Samuel coming toward them on his way to the high place. The day before Saul's arrival, the LORD had revealed to Samuel: At this time tomrrow I will send you a man from the land of Benjamin whom you are to anoint as ruler of my people Israel. He shall save my people from the hand of the Philistines. I have looked upon my people; their cry has come to me. When Samuel caught sight of Saul, the LORD assured him: This is the man I told you about; he shall govern my people. Saul met Samuel in the gateway and said, "Please tell me where the seer lives." Samuel answered Saul: "I am the seer. Go up ahead of me to the high place and eat with me today. In the morning, before letting you go, I will tell you everything on your mind. As for your donkeys that were lost three days ago, do not worry about them, for they have been found. Whom should Israel want if not you and your father's family?" Saul replied: "Am I not a Benjaminite, from the smallest of the tribes of Israel, and is not my clan the least among the clans of the tribe of Benjamin? Why say such things to me?" The Meal. Samuel than took Saul and his servent and brought them into the room. He seated them at the head of the guests, of whom there were about thirty. He said to the cook, "Bring the portion I gave you and told you to put aside." So the cook took up the leg and what went with it, and placed it before Saul. Samuel said: "This is a reserved portion that is set before you. Eat, for it was kept for you until this time; I explained that I was inviting some guests." Thus Saul dined with Samuel that day. When they came down from the high place into the city, a mattress was spread for Saul on roof, and he slept there. At daybreak Samuel called to Saul on the roof, "Get up, and I will send you on way." Saul got up, and he and Samuel went outside the city together. Saul's Anointing. As they were approaching the edge of the town, Samuel said to Saul, "Tell the servant to go on ahead of us, but you stay here for a moment, that I may give you a word from God."
gertrude 2020-04-25
ⅠSamuel 8 : 1 - 22 Request for a King. In his old age Amuel appointed his sons judges over Israel. His firstborn was named Joel, his second son, Abijah; they judged at Beer-sheba. His sons did not follow his example, but looked to their own gain, accepting bribes and perverting justice. Therefore all the elders of Israel assembled and went to Samuel at Ramah and said to him, "Now that you are old, and your sons do not follow your example, appoint a king over us, like all the nations, to rule us." Samuel was displeased when they said, "Give us a king to rule us." But he prayed to the LORD. The LORD said: Listen to whatever the people say. You are not the one they are rejecting. They are rejecting me as their king. They are acting toward you just as they have acted from the day I brought them up from Egypt to this very day, deserting me to serve other gods. Now listen to them; but at the same time, give them a solemn warning and inform them of the rights of the king who will rule them. The Governance of the King. Samuel delivered the message of the LORD in fullto those who were asking him for a king. He told them: "The governance of the king who will be as follows: He will take your sons and assign them to his chariots and horses and they will run before his chariot. He will appoint from among them his commanders of thousands and of hundreds. He will make them do his plowing and harvesting and produce his weapons of war and chariotry. He will use your daughters as perfumers, cooks, and bakers. He will take your best your fields, vineyards, and olive groves, and give them to his servants. He will tithe your crops and grape harvests to give to his officials and his servants. He will take your male and female slaves, as well as your best oxen and donkeys, and use them to do his work. He will also tithe your flocks. As for you, youwill become his slaves. On that day you will cry out because of the king whom you have chosen, but the LORD willnot answer you on that day." Persistent Demand. The people, however, refused to listen to Samuel's warning and said, "No! There must be a king over us. We too must be like all the nations, with a king to rule us, lead us in warfare, and fight our battles." Samuel listened to all the concerns of the people and then repeated them to the LORD. The LORD said: Listen to them! Appoint a king to rule over them. Then Samuel said to the people of Israel, "Return, each one of you, to your own city."
gertrude 2020-04-24
ⅠSamuel : 7 - 17 So the inhabitants of Kiriath-jearim came for the ark of the LORD and brought it into the house of Abinadab on the hill, appointing his son Eleazar as guardian of the ark of the LORD. Samuel the Judge. From the day the ark came to rest in Kiriath-jearim, a long time, twenty years, elapsed, and the whole house of Israel turned to the LORD. Then Samuel addressed the whole house of Israel: "If you would return to the LORD with your whole heart, remove your foreign gods and your Astartes, fix your hearts on the LORD, and serve him alone, then the LORD will deliver you from the hand of the Philistines." So the Israelites removed their Baals and Astartes, and served the LORD alone. Samuel then gave orders, "Gather all Israel to Mizpah, that I may pray to the LORD for you." When they had gathered at Mizpah, they drew water and poured it out on the ground before the LORD, and they fasted that day, saying, "We have sinned against the LORD." It was at Mizpah that Samuel began to judge the Israelites. Rout of the Philistnes. When the Philistines heard that the Israelites had gathered at Mizpah, their leaders went up against Israel. Hearing this, Israelites became afraid of the Philistines and appealed to Samuel, "Do not stop crying out to the LORD our God for us, to save us from the hand of the Philistines." Samuel therfore took an unweaned lamb and offered it whole as a burnt offering to the LORD. He cried out to the LORD for Israel, and the LORD answered him. While Samuel was sacrificing the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near for battle with Israel. That day, however, the LORD thunered loudly against the Philistines, and threw them into such confusion that they were defeated by Israel. Thereupon the Israelites rushed out from Mizpah and pursued the Philistines, striking them down even beyond Beth-car. Samuel then took a stone and placed it between Mizpah and Jeshanah; he named it Ebenezer, explaining, "As far as this place the LORD has been our help." Thus were the Philistines subdued, never again to enter the territory of Israel, for the hand of the LORD was against them as long as Samuel lived. The cities from Ekron to Gath which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to them. Israe also freed the territory of these cities from Philistine domination. there was also peace between Israel and the Amorites. Samuel judged Israel as long as he lived. He made a yearly circuit, passing through Bethel, Gilgal and Mizpah and judging Israel at each of these places. Then he used to return to Ramah, for that was his home. There, too, he judged Israel and built an altar to the LORD.
gertrude 2020-04-23
ⅠSamuel 6 : 1 - 21 The Ark Is Returned. The ark of the LORD had been in the land of the Philistines seven months when they summoned priests and diviners to ask, "What shall we do with the ark of the LORD? Tell us what we should send back with it." They replied: "If you intend to send back the ark of the God of Israel, you must not send it alone, but must, by all means, make amends to God through a reparation offering. Then you will be healed, and will learn why God continues to afflict you." When asked further, "What reparation offering should be our amends to God?" they replied: "Five golden tumors and five golden mice to correspond to the number of Philistine leaders, since the same plague has struck all of you and your leaders. Therefore, make images of the tumors and of the mice that are devastating your land so give glory to the God of Israel. Perhaps then God will his lift his hand from you, your gods, and your land. Why should you become stubborn, the way the Egyptians and Pharaoh were stubborm? Was it not after he had dealt ruthlessly with them that the Israelites were released and departed? So now set to work and make a new cart. Then take two milk cows thathave not borne the yoke; hitch them to the cart, but drive their calves indoors away from them. You shall next take the ark of the LORD and place it on the cart, putting the golden articles that you are offering as reparation for your guilt in a box beside it . Start it on its way, and let it go. Then watch! If it goes up to Beth-shemesh along the route to the LORD's territory, then it was the LORD who brought this great calamity upon us; If not, we will know that it was not the LORD's hand, but a bad turn, that struck us." The Ark in Beth-shemesh. They acted upon this advice. Taking two milk cows, they hitched them to the cart but shut up their calves indoors. Then they placed the ark of the LORD on the cart, along with the box containing the golden mice and the images of the tumors. The cows went straight for the route to Beth-shemesh and continued along this road, mooing as they went, turning neither right nor left. The Philistine leaders followed them as far as the border of Beth-shemesh. The people of Beth-shemesh were harvesting the wheat in the valley. They looked up and rejoiced when they saw the ark. The cart came to the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite and stopped there. At a large stone in the field, the wood of the cart was split up and the cows were offered as a burnt offering to the LORD. The Levites, meanwhile, had taken down the ark of God and the box beside it, with the golden articles, and had placed them on the great stone. The people of Beth-shemesh also offered other burnt offerings and sacrifices to the LORD that day. After witnessing this, the five Philistine leaders returned to Ekron the same day. The golden fumors the Philistines sent back as a reparation offering of the LORD were as follews: one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Ashkelon, one for Gath, and one for Ekron. The golden mice, however, corresponded to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five leaders, including fortified cities and open villages. The large stone on which the ark of the LORD was placed is still in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite at the present time. Penalty for Irreverence. The descendants of Jeconiah did not join in the celebration with the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh when they saw the ark of the LORD, and seventy of them were struck down. The people mourned over this great calamity which the LORD had inflicted upon them. The men of Beth-shemesh asked, "Who can stand in the presence of the LORD, this Holy God? To whom can the ark go so that we are rid of it?" They then sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kiriath-jearim, saying, "The Philistines have returned the ark of the LORD; come down and get it."
youngteres… 2020-04-23
Samuel 5:1-12 The Ark in the Temple of Dagon. The Philistines, having captured the ark of God, transferred it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. They then took the ark of God and brought it into the temple of Dagon, placing it beside Dagon, placing it beside Dagon. When the people of Ashdod rose early the next morning, Dagon was lying face down on the ground before the ark of the LORD. So they picked Dagon up and put him back in his place. But early the next morning, when they arose, Dagon lay face down on the ground before the ark of the LORD, his head and hands broken off and lying on the threshold, his trunk alone intact. For this reason, neither the priests of Dagon nor any others who enter the temple of Dagon tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod to this very day. The Ark Is Carried About. Now the hand of the LORD weighed heavily on the people of Ashdod, ravaging them and affliciting the city and its vicinity with tumors. On seeing how matters stood, the people of Ashdod decided, "The ark of the God of Israel must not remain with us, for his hand weighs heavily on us and Dagon our god." So they summoned all the Philistine leaders and inquired of them, "What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel?" The people of Gath replied, "Let them move the ark of the God of Israel to us." So they moved the ark of the God of Israel to Gath. But after it had been brought there, the hand of the LORD was against the city, resulting in utter turmoil: the LORD afflicted its inhabitants, young and old, and tumors broke out on them. The ark of God was next sent to Ekron; but as it entered that city, the people there cired out, "Why have they brought the ark of the God of Israel here to kill us and our kindred?" Then they, too, sent a summons to all the Philistine leaders and pleaded: "Send away the ark of the God of Israel. Send it back to its place so it does not kill us and our kindred." A deadly panic had seized the whole city, since the hand of God lay heavy upon it. Those who escaped death were afflicted with tumors. Thus the outcry from the city went up to the heavens.
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