gertrude 2019-11-08
27 Zelophehad's Daughters. The daughters of Zelophehad, son of Hepher, son of Gilead, son of Machir, son of Manasseh, came forward. (Zelophehad belonged to the clans of Manasseh, son of Joseph.) The names of his daughters were Mahlah, Hoglah, Milcah and Tirzah. Standing before Moses, Eleazar the priest, the princes, and the whole community at the entrance of the tent of meeting, they said: "Our father died in the wilderness. Although he did not join the faction of those who conspired against the LORD, Korah's faction, he died for his own sin without leaving any sons. But why should our father's name be cut off from his clan merely becouse he had no son? Give us land among our father's Kindred." Laws Concerning Heiresses. So Moses laid their case before the LORD, and the LORD said to him: The plea of Zelophehad's daughters is just; you shall give them hereditary land among their father's kindred and transfer their father's kindred and transfer their father,s heritage to them. Tell the Israelites: If a man dies without leaving a son, you shalltransfer his heritage to his daughter, if he has no daughter, you shall give his heritage to his brother; If he has no brothers, you shall give his heritage to his father,s brothers; if hisfather had no brothers, you shall give his heritage to his nearest relative in his clan, who shall then take possession of it. This will be the statutory procedure for the Israelites, as the LORD commanded Moses. Joshua to Succeed Moses. The LORD said to Moses: Go up into this mountain of the Abarim range and viw the land that I have given to the Israelites. When you have viewed it you will be gathered to your prople, as was Aaron your brouther. For in the rebellion of the community in the wilderness of Zin you both rebelled against my order to acknowledge my holiness before them by means of the water.(Thes were the waters of Meribah Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin) Then Moses said to the LORD, "May the LORD, the God of the spirits of all humanity, set over the community someone who will their leader in battle and who will lead them out and bring them in, that the LORD's community may not be like sheep without a shepherd." And the LORD replied to Moses: Take Joshua, son of Nun, a man of spirit, and lay your hand upon him. Have him stand before Eleazar the priest and the whole community, and commission him in their sight. Invest him with some of your own power, that the whole Israelite community may obey him. He shall present himself to Eleazar the priest, who will seek for him the decision of the Urim in the LORD's presence; and as it directs, Joshua, all the Israelites with him, and the whole communit will go out for battle; and as it directs, they will come in. Moses did as the LORD had the LORD had commanded him. Taking Joshua and having him stand before Eleazar the priest and the whole community, he laid his hands on him and commissioned him, as the LORD had directed through Moses.
gertrude 2019-11-05
ⅩⅢ. Second Census of New Generation and Preparation to Enter the Promised Land 26 The Second Census. ​ After the plague the LORD said to Moses and Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest: Take a census, by ancestral houses, throughout the community of the Israelites of all those of twenty years or more who are eligible for military service in Israel. So on the plains of Moab along the Jordan at Jericho, Moses and Eleazar the priest enrolled them, those of twenty years or more, as the LORD had commanded Moses. The Israelites who came out of the land of Egypt were as follows: Reuben, the the firstborn of Israel. The descendants of Reuben by their clans were: through Hanoch, the clan of the Hanochites; through Pallu, the clan of the Palluites; though Hezron, the clan of the Hezronites; through Carmi, the clan of the Carmites. These were the clans of the Reubenites, and those enrolled numbered forty-three thousand seven hundred and thirty. From Pallu descended Eliab. The sons of Eliab were Nemuel, Dathan, and Abiram---the same Dathan and Abiram, ones designated by the community, who contended with Moses and part of Korah's faction when they contended with the LORD. The earth opened its mouth and swallowed them, along with Korah, as a warning. The faction was destroyed when the fire consmed two hundred and fifty men. The faction was destroyed when the fire consumed two hundred and fifty men. The descendants of Korah, however, did not die out. The descendants of Simeon by clans were: through Nemuel, the clan of the Numuelites; through Jamin, the clan of the Jaminites; through, the clan of the Jachinites; through Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites; through Shaul, the clan of the Shaulites. These were the clans of the Simeonites, twenty-two thousand two hundred. The desendants of God by clans were: through Zephon, the clan of the Zephonites; through Haggi, the clan of the Haggites; through Shuni, the clan of the Shunites; through Ozni, the clan of the Oznites;through Eri, the clan of the Erites; through Arod, the clan of the Arodites; through Areli, the clan of the Arelites. These were the clans of the descendants of God, of whom there were enrolled forty thousand five hundred. The sons of Judah were Er and Onan. Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. The descendants of Judah by their clans were: through Shelah, the clan of the Shelahites; through Perez, the clan of the Perezites; through Zerah, the clan of the Zerahitess. The descendants of Perez were: through Hezron, the clan of the Hezronites; through Hamul,the clan of the Hamulites. These were the clans of Judah, of whom there were enrolled seventy-six thousand five hundred. The descendants of Issachar by their clans were: through Tola, the clan of the Tolaites; through Puvah, the clan of the Puvahites; through Jashub, the clan of the Jashubites; through Shimron, the clan of the Shimronites. These were the clans of Issachar, of whom there were enrolled sixty-four thousand three hundred. The descendants of Zebulun by their clans were: trough Sered, the clan of the Seredites; through Elon, the clan of the Elonites; through Jahleel, the clan of the Jahleelites. These were the clans of the Zebulunites, of whom there were enrolled sixty thousand five hundred. The sons of Joseph were Manasseh and Ephraim. The descendants of Manasseh by clans were: through Machir, the clan of the Machirites. Now Machir begot Gilead: through Gilead, the clan of the Gileadites. The desendants of Gilead were: through Lezer, the clan of the Lezrites; through Helek, the clan of the Helekites; through Asril, the clan of the Asrielites; through Shechem, the clan of the Shechemites; through Shemida, the clan of the Shemidaites; through Hepher, the clan ofthe Hepherites. As for Zelophehad, son of Hepher---he had no sons, but only daughters. The names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlal, Naoh, Houlah, Milcah and Tirzah. These were the clans of Manasseh, and those enrolled numbered fifty-two thousand seven hundred. These were the descendants of Ephraim by their clans: through Shuthelah, the clan of the Shuthelahites; through Becher, the clan of the Becherites; through Tahan, the clan of the Tahanites. These were the descendants of Shuthelah: through Eran, the clan of the Eranites. These were the clans of the Ephraimites,of whom there were enrolled thirty-two thousand five hundred. These were the descendants of Joseph by their clans. The descendants of Benjamin by their clans were: through Bela, the clan of the Belaites; through Ashbel, the clan of the Ashbelites; through Ahiram, the clan of the Ahiramites; through Shupham, the clan of the Shuphamites; through Hupham, the clan of the Huphamites. The sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman: through Ard, the clan of the Ardites; through Naaman, the clan of the Naamites. These were the descendants of Benjamin by their clans, of whom there were enrolled forty-five thousand six hundred. These were the descendants of Dan bt their clans: through Shuham the clan of the Shuhamites. These were the clans of Dan, of whom there were enrolled sixty-four thousand four hundres. The descendants four hundred of Asher by their clans were: through Imnah, the clan of the Imnites; through Ishvi, the clan of the Ishvites; through Beriah, the clan of the Beriites; through Heber, the clan of the Heberites; through Malchiel, the clan of the Malchielites. The name of Asher's daughter was Serah. These were the clans of the descendants of Asher, of whom there were enrolled fifty-three thousand four hundred. The descendants of Asher, of whom there were enrolled fifty-threee thousand four hundred. The descendants of Naphtali by their clans were: through Jahzeel, the clan of the Jahzeelites; through Guni, the clan of the Gunites; through Jezer, the clan of the Jezerites; through Shillem, the clan of the Shillemites. These were the clans of Naphtali, of whom there were enrolled forty-five thousand four hundred. These were the Israelites who were enrolled: six hundred and one thousand seven hundred and thirty. Allotment of the Land. The LORD said to Moses: Among these the land shall be divided as their heritage in keeping with the number of people named. To a lage tribe you shall assign a large heritage, to a small tribe a small heritage, each receiving its heritage in proportion to the number enrolled in it. But the land shall be divided by lot, all inheriting according to the lists of their ancestral tribes. As the lot falls the heritage of each tribe, large or small, will be assigned. Census of the Levites. These were the Levites enrolled by clans through Gershon, the clan the Gershonites; through Kohath, the clan of the Kohathites; through Merari, the clan of the Merarites. These were clans of Levi: the clan of the Libnites, the clan of the Korahites. Now Kohath begot Amram, whose wife was named Jochebed. She was the daughter of Levi, born to Levi-in Egypt. To Amram she bore Aaron and Moses and Miriam their sister. To Aaron were born Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. But Nadab and Abihu died when they offered unauthorized fire before the LORD. The Levites enrolled were twenty-three thousand, every male one month or more of age. They were not enrolled with the other Israelites, however, for no leritage was given them among the Israelites. These, then, were those enrolled by Moses and Eleazar the priest, when they enrolled the Israelites on the plains of Moab along the Jordan at Jericho. Among them therewas not one of those who had been enrolled by Moses and Aaron thepriest, when they enrolled the Israelites in the wilderness of Sinai. For the LORD had told them that they would surely die in the wilderness and not one of them was left except Caleb, son of Jephunneh, and Joshua, son of Nun.
gertrude 2019-11-04
25 Worship of Baal of Peor. While Israel was living at Shittim, the people profaned themselves by prostituting themselves with the Moabite women. These then invited the people to the sacrifices of their god, the people ate of the sacrifices and bowed down to their god. Israel thereby attached itself to the Baal of Peor, and the LORD's anger flared up against Israel. The LORD said to Moses: Gather all the Leaders of the people, and publicly execute them before the LORD, that the blazing wrath of the LORD may turn away from Israel. So Mosese told the Israelites, "Each of you kill those of his men who have attached themselves to the Baal of Peor." Zeal of Phinehas. At this a certain Israelite came and brought in a midianite woman to his kindred in the view of Moses and of the whole Israelite community, while they were weeping at the entrance of the tent of meeting. When Phinehas, son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, saw this, he rose up from the assembly, and taking a spear in his hand, followed the Israelite into the tent where he pierced the two of them, the Israelite and the woman. Thus the plague upon the Israelites was checked; but the dead from the plague were twenty-four thousand. Then the LORD said to Moses: Phinehas, son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, has turned my anger from the Israelites by hisbeing as jealous among them as I am; that is why I did not put an end to the Israelites in my jealousy. Announce, therfore, that I hereby give him my covenant of peace, which shall be for him and for his descendants afther him the covenant of an everlasting priesthood, because he was jealous on behalf of his God and thus made expiation for the Israelites. The name of the slain Israelte, the one slain with the Midianite woman, was Zimri, son of Salu, prince of a Simeonite ancestral house. The name of the slain Midianite woman was Cozbi, daughter of Zur, who was head of a clan, an ancestral house, in Midian. Vengeance on the Midianites. The LORD then said to Moses: Treat the Midianites as enemies and strike them, for they have been your enemies by the deceitful dealings they had with you regarding Peor and their kinswoman Cozbi, the daughter of a Midianite prince, who was slain at the time of the plague because of Peor.
gertrude 2019-11-01
24 Balaam, however perceiving that the LORD was pleased to bless Israel, did not go aside as before to seek omens, but turned his gaze toward the widerness. When Balaam looked up and saw Israel encamped, tribe, the spirit of God came upon him, and he recited his poem: The oracle of Balaam, son of Beor, the oracle of the man whose eye is true, The oracle of one who hears what God says, and knows what the Most High knows, Of one who sees what the Almighty sees, in rapture and with eyes unveiled: How pleasant are your tents, Jacob; your encampments, Israel! Like palm trees spread out, like gardens beside a river, Like aloes the LORD planted, like cedars beside water; Water drip from their buckets, their seed will have a plentiful water; Their king will rise higher than Agag and their dominion will be exalted. They have the like of a wild ox's horns: God who brought them out of Egypt. They will devour hostile nations, break their bones, and crush their loins. Crouching, they lie like a lion, or like a lioness; who will arouse them? Blessed are those who bless you, and cursed are those who curse you! In a blaze of anger at Balaam, Balak clapped his hands and said him, "It was to lay a curse on my foes that I summoned you here; yet three times now you have actually blessed them! Now flee to your home. I promised to reward you richly, but the LORD has witheld the reward from you!" Balaam replied to Balak, "Did I not even tell the messengers whom you sent tome, Even if Balak gave me his house full of silver and gold, I could not of own accord do anything, good or evil, contrary tothe command of the LORD'? Whatever the LORD sys I must say. The Fourth Oracle. But now that I am about to go to my own people, let me warn you what this people will do to your people in the days to come." Then he recited his poem: The oracle of Balaam, son of Beor, the oracle of the man whose eye is true, The oracle of one who hears what God says, and knows what the Most Heigh knows, Of one who sees what the Almighty sees, in rapture and with eyes unveied. I see him, though not now; I observe him, though not near: A star shall advance from Jacob, and a scepter shall rise from Israel, That will crush the brows of Moab, and the skull of all the Sethites, Edom will be dispossessed, and no survivor is left in Seir. Israel will act boldly, and Jacob willl rule his foes. Upon seeing Amalek, Balaam recited his poem: First of the nations is Amalek, but their end is perish forever. Upon seeing the Kenites, he recited his poem: Though your dwelling is safe, and your nest is set on a cliff; Yet Kain will be destroyed when Asshur takes you captive. Upon seeing ?[the Ishmaelites?]he recited his poem: Alas who shall survive of Ishmael, to deliver them from the hands of the Kittim? When they have conquered Asshur and conquered Eber, They too shall perish forever. Then Balaam set out on his journey home; and Balak also went his way.
gertrude 2019-10-31
23 Then Balaam said to Balak, "Build me seven altars here, and here prepare seven bulls and seven rams for me." So Balak did as Balaam had ordered, and Balak and Balaaam offered a bull and a ram on each alter. Balaam said to Balak, "Stand here by your burnt offering while I go over there. Perhaps the LORD will meet me, and then I will tell you whatever he lets me see." And so he went out on the barren height. Then God met Balaam, and Balak said to him: "I have erected the seven altars, and have offered a bull and a ram on each altar." The LORD put an utterance in Balaam's mouth, and said: Go back to Balak, and speak accordingly. So he went back to Balak, who was still standing by his burnt offering together with all the princes of Moab. Then Balaam recited his poem: From Aram Balak has led me here, Moab's king, from the mountains of Qedem: "Come, curse for me Jacob, come, denounce Israel." How can I lay a curse on the one whom God has not cursed? How denounce the one whom the LORD has not denounced? For from the top of the crags I see him, from the heights I behold him. Here is a people that lives apart and does not reckon itself among the nations. Who has ever counted the dust of Jacob, who numbered Israel's dust-cloud? May ai die the death of the just, may my end be like theirs! What have you done to me? cried Balak to Balaam. "It was to lay a curse on my foes that I brought you here; but instead, you have blessed them! Balaam replied, "Is it not what the LORD puts in my mouth that I take care to repeat?" The second Oracle. Then Balak said to him, "Please come with me to another place from which you can sec them; but you will see only some, not all of them, and from there lay a curse on them for me." So he brought him to a lookout post on the top of Pisgah, where he built seven altars and offered a bull and a ram on each of them. Balaam then said to Balak, "Stand here by your burnt offering, while I seek a meeting over there." Then the LORD met Balaam, and having put an utterance in his mouth, said to him: Return to Balak, and speak accordingly. So he went to Balak, who was still standing by his burnt offering together withthe princes of Moab. When Balak asked him, "What did the LORD say?" Balaam recited his poem: Rise, Balak, and lisen; give ear to my testimony, son of Zippor! God is not a human being who speaks fasely, nor a mortal, who feels regret. Is God one to speak and not act, to decree and not bring it pass? I was summoned to bless; I will bless; I cannot revoke it! Misfortune I do not see on Jacob, nor do I see misery in Israel. The LORD, their God, is with them; among them is the war-cry of their King. They have the likeof a wild ox's horns: God who brought them out of Egypt. No, there is no augury against Jacob, nor divination against Israel. Now it is said of Jacob, of Israel, "Look what God has done!" Here is a people that rises up like a lioness, and gets up like a lion; It does not rest till it has devoured its prey and has drunk the blood of the slain. Neither lay a curse on them nor bless them," said Balak to Balaam. But Balaam answered Balak. "Did Inot tell you, 'Everything the LORD tells me I must do?" The Third Oracle. Then Balak said to Balaam, "Come, let me bring you to another place; perhaps God will approve of your laying a curse on them for me from there." So he took Balaam to the top of Peor, that overlooks Jeshimon. Balaam then said to Balak, "Build me seven altars here; and here prepare for me seven bulls and seven rams." And Balak did as Balaam had ordered, offering a bull and a ram on each altar.
gertrude 2019-10-30
22 Then the Israelites moved on and encamped in the plains of Moab the other side of the Jordan opposite Jericho. Balaam Summoned. Now Balak, son of Zippor, saw all that Israel did to the Amorites, and Moab feared the Israelites greatly because they were numerous. Moab was in dread of the Israelites. So Moab said to the elders of Midian, "Now this horde will devour everything around us as ox devours the grass of the field." At that time Balak, son of Zippor, was king of Moab; and he sent messengers to balaam, son of Beor, at Pethor on the river, in the land of the Ammonites, to summon him with these words, "A people has come out of Egypt! They have covered up the earth and are settling down opposite me! Now come, curse this people for me, since they are stronger than I am. Perhaps I may beable to defeat them and drive them out of the land. For I know that whoever you bless is blessed and whoever you curse is cursed." So the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian, themselves experts in divination, left and went to Balaam, to whom they gave Balak's message. He said to them, "Stay here overnight, and I willl give you whatever answer the LORD give me." So the princes of Moab loded with Balaam. Then God came to Balaam and said: Who are these men with you? Balaam answered God, "Balak, son of Zippor, king of Moab, sent me the message: This people that has come out of Egypt has covered up the earth. Now come, lay a curse on them for me; perhaps I may be able to fight them and drive them out." But God said to Balaam: Do not go with them and do not curse this people, for they are blessed. The next morning Balaam arose and told the princes of Balak, "Go back to your own country, for the LORD has refused to let me go with you." So the princes of Moab went back with the report, "Balaam refused to come with us." Second Appeal to Balaam. Balak yet again sent princes, who were more numerous and more distinguished than the others. On coming to Balaam they told him, "Thus says Balak, son of Zippor: Please do not refuse to come to me. I will reward youvery hansomely and will do anything you ask of me. Come lay a curse on this people for me." But Balaam replied to Balak's servants, "Even if Balak gave me his house full of silver and gold, I could not do anything, small or great, contrary to the command of the LORD, my God. But you too stay here overnight, so that I may learn what else the LORD may say to me." That night God came to Balaam and said to him: If these men have come to summon you, go back with them; yet only on the condition that you do exactly as I tell you. So the next morning when Balaam arose, he saddled his donkey, and went offwith the princes of Moab. The Talking Donkey. But now God's anger flared up at him fr going, and the angel of the LORD took up a position on the road as his adversary. As Balaam was riding along on his donkey, accompanied by two of his servants, the donkey saw the angel of the LORD standing in the road with sword drawn. The donkey turned off the road and went into the field, and Balaam beat the donkey to bring her back on the road. Then the angel of the LORD stood in a narrow lane between vineyards with a stone waall on each side. When the donkey saw the angel of the LORD there, she pressed against the wall; and since she squeezed Balaam's leg against the wall, he beat her again. Then the angel of the LORD again ahead, and stood next in a passage so narrow that there was no room tomove either to the right or to the left. When the dokey saw the angel of the LORD there, she lay down under Balaam. Balaam's anger flared up and he beat the donkey with his stick. Then the LORD opened the mouth of the donkey, and she asked Balaam, "Wat have I done to you that you beat me these three times?" You have acted so willfully against me," said Balaam to the donkey, "that if I only had a sword at hand, I would kill you here now." But the donkey said to Balaam, "Am I not your donkey, on which you have always ridden until now? Have I been in the habit of treating you this way before?" "No," he replied. Then the LORD opened Blaam's eyes, so that he saw the angel of the LORD standing on the road with sword drawn; and he knelt and bowed down to the ground. But the angel of the LORD said to him; "Why have you beaten your donkey these three times? I have come as an adversary because this rash journey of yours is against my will. When the donkey saw me, she turned away from me these three times. If she had not turned away from me, you are the one I would have killed, through I would have spared her." Then Balaam said to the angel of the LORD, "I have sinned. Yet I did not know that you took up a position to oppose my journey. Since it has displeased you, I will go back home." But the angel of the LORD said to Balaam: "Go with the men; but you may say only what I tellyou." So Balaam went on with the princes of Balak. "When Balak heard that Balaam was coming, he went out to meet him at Ar-Moab on the border formed by the Aaron, at its most distant point. And Balak said to Balaam, "DidI not send an urgent summons to you? Why did you not come to me? Did you think I could not reward you?" Balaam answered Balak, "Well, I have come to you after all, But what power have I to say anything? I can speak only what God puts in my mouth." Then Balaam went with Balak, and they came to Kiriath-huzoth. Here Balak sacrificed oxen and sheep, and sent portions to Balaam and to the princes who were with him. The First Oracle. The next morning Balak took Balaam up on Bamoth-baal, and from there he could see some of the people.
gertrude 2019-10-24
21 Victory over Arad. When the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who ruled over the Negeb, heard that the Israelties were coming along the way of Atharim, he engaged Israel in battle and took some of them captive. Israel then made this vow to the LORD: If you deliver this people into my hand, I will put their cities under the ban." The LORD paid attention to Israel and delivered up the Canaanites, and they put them and their cities under the ban. Hence that place was named Hormah. The Bronze Serpent. From Mount Hor they set out by way of the Red Sea, to bypass the land of Edom, but the people's patience was worn out by the journey; so the people complained against God and Moses, "Why have you brought us up from Egypt to die in the wilderness, where there is no food or water? We are disgusted with this wretched food." So the LORD sent among the people seraph serpents, which bit the people so that many of the Israelites died. Then the people came to Moses and said, "We have sinned in complaining against the LORD and you. Pray to the LORD to take the serpents from us." So Moses prayed for the people, and the LORD said to Moses: Make a seraph and mount it on a pole, and everone who has been bitten will look at it and recover. Accordingly Moses made a bronze serpent and mounted it on a pole, and whenever the serpent bit someone, the person looked at the bronze serpent and recovered. Journey Around Moab. The Israelites moved on and encamped in Oboth. Then they moved on from Oboth and encamped in lye-abarim in the wilderness facing Moab on the east. Moving on from there, they encamped in the Wadi Zered. Moving on from there, they encamped on the other side of the Aaron, in the wilderness that extends from the territory of the Amorites; for the Aaron fors Moab,s boundary, between Moab and the Amorites. Hence it is said in the "Book of the Wars of the LORD": "Waheb in Suphah and the wadies, Aaron and the wadi gorges That reach back toward the site of Ar and lean against the border of Moab." From there they went to Beer, which is the well of which the LORD said to Moses, Gather the people together so that I may give them water. Then Israel sang this song: Spring up, O well!---so sing to it--- The well that the princes sank, that the nobles of the people dug, With their scepters and their staffs--- from the wildernesss, a gift. From Beer to Nahaliel, from Nahaliel to Bamoth, from Bamoth to the valley in the country of Moab at the headland of Pisgah that overlooks Jeshimon. Victory over Sihon. Now Israel sent messengers to Sihon,king of the Amorites, with the message, "Let us pass through your land.We will not turn aside into any field or vineyard, nor will we drink any well water, but we will go straight along the King,s Highway until we have passed through your territory." Sihon, however, would not permit Israel to passs through his territory, but mustered all his forces and advanced against Israel into the wilderness. When he reached Jahaz, he engaged Israel in battle. But Israel put him to the sword, and took possession of his land from the Aaron to the Jabbok and as far as Jazer of the Ammonites, for Jazer is the boundary of the Ammonites. Israel seized all the towns here, and Israel settled in all the towns of the Amorites, in Heshbon and all its dependencies. For Heshbon was the city of Sihon, king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab and had taken all his land from him as far as the Aaron. That is why the poets say: "Come to Heshbon, let it be rebuilt, let Sihon's city be firmly constructed. For fire went forth from Heshbon and a blaze from the city of Sihon; It consumed Ar of Moab and swallowed up the high places of the Aaron. Woe to you, Moab! You are no more, people of Chemosh!" He let his sons become fugitives and his daughters be taken captive by the Amorite king Sihon. From Heshbon to Dibon their dominion is no more; Ar is laid waste; fires blaze as far as Medeba." So Israel settled in tfhe land of the Amorites. Moses sent spies to Jazer; and the Israelites captured it with its dependencies and dispossessed the Amorites who were there. Victory over Og. Then they turned and went up along the road to Bashan. But Og, king of Bashan, advanced against them with all his forces to give battle at Edrei. The LORD, however, said to Moses: Do not fear him; for into your hand I deliver him with all his forces and his land. You will do to him as you did to Sihon, king of the Amorites, wo reigned in Heshbon. So they struck him down with his sons and all his forces, until not a survivor was left to him, and they took possession of his land.
gertrude 2019-10-23
20 Death of Miriam. The Israelites, the whole community, arrived in the wilderness of Zin in the first month, and the people stayed at Kadesh. It was here that Miriam died, and here that she was buried. Need for Water at Kadesh. Since the community had no water, they held an assembly against Moses and Aaron. The people quarreled with Moses, exclaiming, "Would that we had perished when our kindred perished before the LORD! Why have you brought the LORD's assembly into this wilderness for us our livestock to die here? Why have you brought us up out of Egypt, only to bring us to this wretched place? It is not a place for grain nor figs nor vines nor pomegranates! And there is no water to drink!" But Moses and Aaron went away from the assembly to the entrance of the tent of meeting, where they fell prostrate. Sin of Moses and Aaron. Then the glory of the LORD appeared to them, and the LORD said to Moses: Take the staff and assemble the community, you and Aaron your brother, and in their presencecommand the rock to yield its waters. Thereby you will bring forth water from the rock for them, and supply the community and their livestock with water. So Moses took the staff from its place before the LORD, as he was ordered. Then Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly in front of the rock, where he said to them, Just listen, you rebels! Are we to produce water for you out of this rock?" Then, raising his hand, Moses struck the rock twice with his staff, and water came out in abundance, and the community and their livestock drank. But the LORD said to Moses and Aaron: Because you did not have confidence in me, to acknowledge my holiness before the Israelites, there fore you shall not lead this assembly into the land I have given them. These are the waters of Meribah, where the Israelites quarreled with the LORD, and through which he displayed his holiness. Edom's Refusal. From Kadesh Moses sent messengers to the king of Edom: "Thus says your brother Israel: You know of all the hardships that have befallen us, how our ancestors went down to Egypt, and we stayed in Egypt a long time, and the Egyptians treated us and our ancestors harshly. When we cried to the LORD, he heard our cry and sent an angel who led us out of Egypt. Now here we are at Kadesh, a town at the edge of your territory. Please let us pass through your land. We will not crosss any fields or vineyards, nor drink any well water, but we will go straight along the King's Highway without turning tothe right or tothe left, until we have passed throgh your territory." But Edom answered him, "You shall not pass through here; if you do, I will advance against you with the sword." The Israelites said to him, "We will go up along the highway, If we or our livestock drink any of your water , we will pay for it. It is nothig---just let us pass through on foot." But Edom replied, "You shall not pass through," and advanced against them with a large and heavily armed force. Therefore, since Edom refused to let Israel pass through their territory, Israel turned away from them. Death of Aaron. Setting out from Kadesh, the Israelites, the whole community, came to Mount Hor. There at Mount Hor, on the border of land of Edom, the LORD said to Moses and Aaron: Let Aaron be gathered to his people, for he shall not enter the land I have given to the Israelites, because you both rebelled against my directions at the waters of Meribh. Take Aaron and Eleazar his son and bring them up on Mount Hor. Then strip Aaron of garments and put them on Eleazar, his son; but there Aaron shall be gathered up in death. Moses did as the LORD commanded. When they had climbed Mount Hor in view of the whole community, Moses stripped Aaron of his garments and put them on Eleazar his son. Then Aaron died there on top of the mountain. When Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain, all the community understood that Aaron had breathed his last; and for thirty days the whole house of Israel mourned Aaron.
gertrude 2019-10-21
19 Ashes of the Red Heifer. The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron: This is the statute for the ritual which the LORD has commanded. Tell the Isralites to procure for you a red heifer without defect and free from every blemish and on which no yoke has ever been laid. You will give it to Eleazar the priest, and it will be led outside the camp and slaughtered in his presence. Eleazar the priest will take some of its blood on his finger and sprinkle it seven times toward the front of the tent of meeting. Then the heifer will be burned in his sight; it will be burned with its hide and flesh, its blood and dung; and the priest will take cedar wood, hyssop and scarlet yarn and throw them into the fir in which the heifer is being burned. The priest shall thenwash his garments and bathe his body in water, afterward he may enter the camp. The priest remains unclean until the evening. Likewise, the one who burned the heifer shall wash his garments in water, bathe his body in water, and be until evening. Then somebody who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer and deposit them in a clean place outside the camp. There they are to be kept to prepare purification water for the Israletie community. This is a purification offering. The one who has gatered up the ashes of the heifer shall also wash his garments and be unclean until evening. This is a permanent statute, both for the Israeltiles and for the alien residing among them. Use of the Ashes. Those who touch the corpse of any human being will be unclean for seven days; they shall purify themselves with the water onthe thrid and on the seventh day, and then be clean. But if they fail to purify themselves on the thrid and on the seventh day, they will not become clean. Those who touch the corpse of a human being who dies and who fail to purify themselves defile the taber nacle ofthe LORD and these persons shall be cut off from Israel. Since the purification water has not been splashed over them, they remain unclean: their uncleanness in stil on them. This is the ritual: When someone dies in a tent, everyone who enters the tent, as welll as everyone already in it, will be unclean for seven days; and every open vwssel with its lid unfastened will be unclean. Moreover, everyone who in the open country touches a person who has been slain by the sword or who has died naturally, or who touches a human bone or a grave, will be unclean for seven days. For anyone who is thus unclean, ashes shall be taken from the burnt purification offering, and spring water will be poured on them from a vessel. Then someone who is clean will take hyssop, dip it in this water, and sprinkle it on the tent and on all the vessels and persons that were in it, or on the one who touched the bone, the slain person or the other corpse, or the grave. The clean will sprinkle the unclean on the thrid and on the seventh day, and thus purify them on seventh day. Then they will wash their garments and bathe in water, and in the evening be clean. Those who become unclean and fail to purify themselves--those people will be cut off from the assembly, because they defile the sanctuary of the LORD. The purification water has not been splashed over them; they remain unclean. This will be a permanent statute for you. Those who sprinkle the purification water will wash their garments, and those who come in contact with the purification water will be unclean until evening. Moreover, anything that the unclean person touches becoms unclean itself, and the one who touches such a person becomes unclean until evening.
gertrude 2019-10-17
18 The LORD said to Aaron: You and your sons as your ancestral house with you shall be responsible for any sin with respect to the sanctuary; but only you and your sons with you shall be responsible for any sin with respect to your priesthood. You shall also present with you your kinsmen of the tribe of Levi, your ancestral tribe, that they may be joined to you and assist you, while you and your sons with you are in front of the tent of the covenant. They shall discharge your obligations and those with respect to the whole tent; however, they shall not come near the utensils of the sanctuary or the altar, or else both they and you will die. They will be joined to you to perforn the duties associated with the tent of meeting, all the labor pertaining to the tent. But no unauthorized person shall come near you. You shall perform the duties of the sanctuary and of the altar, that wrath may not fall again upon the Israelites. I hereby take your kinsmen, the Levites, from among the Israelites; they are a gift to you, dedicated to the LORD for the labor they perform for the tent of meeting. But you and your sons with you must take care to exercise your priesthood in whatever concerns the altar and the area within the veil. I give you your priesthood as gift. Any unauthorized person who comes near shall be put to death. The Priests' Share of the Sacrifices. The LORD said to Aaron: I hereby give to you charge of the contribution made, including the various holy offerings of the Israelites; I assign them to you and to your sons as a perquisite, a perpetual due. This is what you shall have from the oblations that are most holy: every offering of theirs---namely, all their grain offerings, purification offerings, and reparation offerings which they must return to me---shall be most holy for you and for your sons. You shall eat them in a most holy place; every male may partake of them. As holy, they belong to you. This also you shall have: the contributions that are their gifts, including the elevated offering of the Israelites; I assign them to you and to your sons and daughters with you as a perpetual due. All in your household who are are clean may eat them. I also assign to you all the best of the new oil and of the new wine and grain that they give to the LORD as their first prouce that has been processed. The first-ripened fruits of whatever is in their land, which they bring to the LORD, shall be yours; all of your househod who are clean may eat them. Whatever is under the ban in Israel shall be yours. Every living thing that opens the womb, human being and beast alike, such as are to be offered to the LORD, shall be yours; but you must redeem the firstborn of human beings, as well as redeem the firstborn of unclean animals. For the redemption price of a son, when he is a month old, you shall pay the equivalent of five silver shekels according to the sanctuary shekel, that is, twenty gerahs. But the firstborn of cattle, or the firstborn of sheep or the firstborn of goats you shall not redeem; they are holy. Their blood you must splash on the altar and their fat you must burn as an oblation of pleasing aroma to the LORD. Their meat, however, shall be yours, just as the brisket of the elevated offering and the right thigh belong to you. As a perpetual due I assign to you and to your sons and daughters with you all the contributions of holy things which the Israelites set aside for the LORD; this is a covenant of salt to last forever before the LORD, for you and for your desendants with you. Then the LORD said to Aaron: You shall not have any heritage in their land nor hold any portion among them; I will be your portion and your heritage among the Israelites. Tithes Due the Levites. To the Levites, however, I hereby assign all tithes in Israel as their heritage in recompense for the labor they perform, the labor pertaining to the tent of meeting. The Israelites may no longer approach the tent of meeting, therby incurring the penalty of death. Only the Levites are to perform the labor pertaining tothe tent of meeting, and they shall incur the penalty for the Israelites' sin; this is a permanent statute for all your generations. But they shall not have any heritage among the Israelites, for I have assigned to the Levites as their heritage the tithes which the Israelites put aside as a contribution to the LORD. That is why I have said, they will not have any heritage among the Israelites. Tithes Paid by the Levites. The LORD said to Moses: Speak to the Levites and say to them: When you take from the Israelites the Tithes I have assigned you from them as your heritage, you are to make a contribution from them to the LORD, a tithe of the tithe; and your contribution will be credited to you as if it were grain from the threshing floor or new wine from the vat. Thus you too shall make a contribution to the LORD from all the tithes you take from the Israelites, handing over to Aaron the prist the contribution to the LORD. From all the gifts to you, you shall make every contribution due to the LORD---from their best parts, that is the part to be consecrated from them. Say to them also: Once you have made your contribution from the best part, the rest of the tithe will be credited to the Levites as if were produce of the threshing floor or the produce of the vat. You and your households may eat it anywhere, since it is your recompense in exchange for labor in the tent of meeting. You will incur no punishment when you contribute the best part of it. But do not profane the holy offerings of the Israelites or else you shall die.
gertrude 2019-10-16
17 The LORD said to Moses: Tell Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest to remove the censers from the embers; and scatter the fire some distance away, for they have become holy---the censers of those who sinned at the cost of their lives. Have them hammered into plates to cover the altar, because in being presented before the LORD they have become holy. In this way they shall serve as a sign to the Israelites. So taking the bronze censers which had been presented by those who were burned, Eleazar the priest had them hammered into a covering for the altar, just as the LORD had directed him through Moses. This was to be a reminder to the Israelites that no unauthorized person, no one who was not a descendant of Aaron, should draw near to offer incense befor the LORD, lest he meet the fate of Korah and his faction. The next day the whole Israelites community grumbled against Moses and Aaron, saying, "You have killed the people of the LORD." But while the community was assembling against them, Moses and Aaron turned toward the tent of meeting, and the cloud nowcovered it and the glory of the LORD appeared. Then Moses and Aaron came to the front of the tent of meeting, and the LORD said to Moses: Remove yourselves from this community, that I may consume them at once. But they fell prostrate. Then Moses said to Aaron, "Take your censer, put fire from the altar in it, lay incense on it, and bring it quickly to the community to make atonement for them; for wrath has come forth from the LORD and the plague has begun." Aaron took his censer just as Moses directed and ran in among the assembly, where the plague had already begun among the people. Then he offerd the incense and made atonement for the people, while standing there between the living and the dead. And so the scourge was checked. There were fourteen seven hundred dead from the scourge, in addition to those who died because of Korah. When the scourge had been checked, Aaron returned to Moses at the entrance of the tent of meeting. Aaron's Staff. The LORD now said to Moses: Speak to the Israelites and get from them a staff for each ancestral house, twelve staffs in all, from all the leaders of their ancestral houses. Write each man's name on his staff; and write Aaron,s name on Levi's staff. For each head of an ancestral house shall have a staff. Then deposit them in the tent of meeting, in the tent of meeting, in front of the covenant, where I meet you. The staff of the man whom I choose small sprout. Thus I will rid myself of the Israelites' grumbling against you. So Moses spoke to the Israelites, and all their leaders gave him staffs, twelve in all, one from each leader of their ancestral houses; and Aaron's staff was among them. Then Moses deposited the staffs before the LORD in the tent of the covenant, Aaron's staff, representing the house of Levi, had sprouted. It had put forth sprouts, produced blossoms, and borne ripe almonds! So Moses brought out all the staffs from the LoRD's presence to all theIsraelites, and each one identified his own staff and took it. Then the LORD said to Moses: Put back Aaron's staff in front of the covenant, for safe keeping as a sign to the their grumbling against me may cease and they might not die. Moses did this. Just as the LORD had commanded him, so he did. Charge of the Sacred Things. Then the Israelites exclaimed to Moses, "We will perish; we are lost, we are all lost! Anyone who appproaches the tabernacle of the LORD will die! Will there be no end to our perishing?"
gertrude 2019-10-15
16 Rebellion of Koeah. Koeah, son of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi, and the Reubenites Dathan and Abiram, son of Eliab, and On, son of Peleth, son of Reuben took two hundred and fifty Israelites who were leaders in the community, members of the council and men of not, and confronted Moses. Holding an assembly against Moses and Aaron, they said, "You go too far! The whole cmmunity, all of them, are holy; the LORD is in their midst. Why then should you set yourselves over the LORD's assembly?" When Moses heard this, he fell prostrate. Then he said to Korah and to all his faction, "May the LORD make known tomorrow morning who belongs to him and who is the holy one and whom he will have draw near tohim! The one whom he chooses, he will have draw near to him. Do this: take your censers, Korah and all his faction, ad put fire in them and place incense in them before the LORD tomorrow. He whom the LORD then chooses is the holy one. You Levites go too far!" Moses also said to Korah, "Hear, now, you Levites! Are you not satisfied that the God of Israel has singled you out from the community of Isral, to have you draw near him to maintain the LORD's tabernacle, and to attend upon the community and to serve them? He has allowed you andyour Levite kinsmaen with you to approach him, and yet you seek the priesthood too. It is therefore against the LORD that you and all your faction are conspiring. As for Aaron, what has he done that you should grumble against him?" Rebllion of Dathan and Abiram. Moses summoned Dathan and Abiram, sons of Eliab, but they answered, "We will not go. Are you not satisfied that you have brought us here from a land flowing with milk and honey to have us perish in the wilderness, that now you must also lord it over us? Far from bringing us toa land flowing with milk and honey, or giving us fields and vineyards for our inheritance, will you gouge out our eyes? No, we will not go." Then Moses became very angry and said to the LORD, "Pay no attention to their offering. I have never taken a single donkey from them, nor have I wronged any one of them." Korah. Moses said to Korah, "You and all your faction shall appear before the LORD tomorrow---you and they and Aaron tooo. Then each of you take his own censer, put incense in it, and present it before the LORD, twohundred and fifty censers; and you and Aaron, each with his own censer, do the same." So each of them took their censers, and laying incense on the fire they had put in them, they took their stand by the entrance of the tent of meeting along with Moses and Aaron. Then when Korah had assembled all the community against them at the entrence of the tent of meeting, the glory of the LORD appeared to the entire community, and the LORD said to Moses and Aaron: Stand apart from this community, that I may consume them at once. But they fell prostrate and exclaimed, "O God, God of the spirits of all living creatures, if one man sinswill you be angry with the wjole community?" The LORD answered Moses: Speak to the community and tell them: Withdraw from area around the tent of Korah, Dathan and Abiram. Punishment of Dathan and Abiram. Moses, followed by the elders of Israel, arose and went to Dathan and Abiram. Then he spoke to the community, "Move away from the tents of these wicked men and do not touch anything that is theirs: otherwise you too will be swept away because of all their sins." So they withdrew from the area around the tents of Korah, Dathan and Abiram. When Dathan and Abiram had come out and were standing at the entrance of their tents with their wives, their children, and their little ones, Moses said, "This is how you shall know that the LORD sent me to do all I have done, and that it was not of my own devising: if these die an ordinary death, merely suffering the fate common to alll humanity, the LORD has not sent me. But if the LORD makes a chasm, and the ground opens its mouth and swallows them with all belonging to them, and they go down alive to Sheol, then you will know that these men have spurned the LORD." No sooner had he finished saying all this than the ground beneath them split open, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them and their families and all of Korah's people with all their possessions. They went down alive to Sheol with all belonging to them; the earth closed over them, and they disappeared from assembl y. But all the Israelites near them fled at their shrieks,saying, "The earth might swallow us too!" Punishmaent of Korah. And fire from the LORD came forth which consumed the two hundred and fifty men who were offering the incense.
gertrude 2019-10-14
15 Secondary Offerings. The LORD spoke to Moses: Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you enter the land that I am giving you for you settlements, if you make to the LORD an oblation from herd or from the flock---either a burnt offering or a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow, or as a voluntary offering, or for one of your festivals---to produce a pleasing aroma for the LORD, the one presenting the offering shall also present to the LORD a grain offering a tenth of a measure of bran flour mixed with a fourth of a hin of oil, as well as wine for a libation, a fourth of a hin. You will do this with the burnt offering or the sacrifice, for each lamb. Alternatively for a ram you shall make a grain offering of two tenths of branflour mixed with a third of a hin of pil, and for a libation, a third of hin of wine, thereby presenting a pleasing aroma to the LORD. If you make an offering from the herd---either a burnt offering, or a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow, or as a communion offering to the LORD, with it a grain offering of three tenths of a measure of bran flour mixed with half a hin of oil will be presented; and you will present for a libation, half a hin of wine---a sweet-smelling oblation to the LORD. The same is to be done for each ox, ram, lamb or goat. Whatever the number you offer, do the same for each of them. All the native-born shall make these offerings in this way, whenever they present a sweet-smelling oblation to the LORD. Likewise, in any future generation, any alien residing with you or anyone else in your midst, who presents an oblaton of pleasing ofaroma to the LORD, must do as you do. There is but one statute for you and for the resident alien, a perpetual statute throufhout your generatins. You and the resident alien will be alike before the LORD; you and the alien residing with you will have the same rule and the same application of it. The LORD spoke to Moses: Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you enter the land into which I am bringing you and eat of the bread of the land, you shall offer the LORD a contribution. A round loaf from your first batch of dough you shall offer as a contribution. Just like a contribution from the threshing floor you shall offer it. Throughout your generations you shall give a contribution to the LORD from your first batch of dough. Purificaion offerings. If through inadvertence you fail to do any of these commandments which the LORD has given to Moses---anything the LORD commanded you through Moses from the time the LORD first gave the command down through your generation---If it was done inadvertently without the community's knowledge, the whole community shall sacrifice one bull from the herd as a burnt offering of pleasing aroma to the LORD, along with its prescribed grain offering and libation, as one he-goat as a purification offering. Then the priest shall make atonement for the whole Israelite community; and they will be forgiven, since it was inadvertence, and for their inadvertence they have brought their offering: an oblation to the LORD as well as their purification offering before the LORD. Not only the whole Israelite community but also the aliens residing among you shall be forgiven, since the inadvertent fault affects all the people. If it is an individual who sins inadvertently, this person shall bring a yearling she-goat as a purification offering. And the prist shall make atonement before the LORD for the one who erred, since the sin was inadvertent, making atonement for the person to secure forgiveness. You shall have but one rule for the person who sins inadvertently, whether a native-born Israelite or an alien residing among you. But anyone who acts defiantly, whether a native or an alien, reviles the LORD, and shall be cut off from among the people. For having despised the word of the LORD and broken his commandment, he must be cut off entirely and bear the punishment. The Sabbath-breaker. While the Israelites were in the wilderness, a man was discovered gathering wood on the sabbath day. Those who caught him at it brought him to Moses and Aaron and the whole community. But they put himin custody, for therewas no clear decision as to what should be done with him. Then the LORD said to Moses: this man shall be put to death; let the whole community stone him outside the camp. So the whole community led him outside the camp and stoned him to death, as the LORD had commanded Moses. Tassels on the Cloak. The LORD said to Moses: Speak to the Israelites and tell them that throughout their generations they are to make tasssels for the corners of their garments, fastening a violet cord toeach corner. When you these tassels, the sight of the cord will remaind you of all the commandments of the LORD and you will do them, without prostituting yourself going after the desires of your hearts and your eyes. Thus you will remember to do all my commandments and you will be holy to your God. I, the LORD, am your God who brought you out of theland of Egypt to be your God: I,the LORD your God.
gertrude 2019-10-11
14 Threats of Revolt. At this, the whole community broke out with loud cries, and the people wept into the night. All the Israelites grumbled against Moses and Aaron, the whole community saying to them, "If only we died in the land of Egypt, or "If only we would die here in the wilderness! Why is the LORD bringing us into this land only to have us fall by the sword? Our wives and little ones will be taken as spoil. Would it not be better for us to return to Egypt?" So they said to one another, "Let us appoint a leader and go back to Egypt." But Moses and Aaron fell prostrate before the whole assembled community of the Israelites; while Joshua, son of Nun, and Caleb, son of Jephunneh, who had been among those that reconnoitered the land, tore garments and said to the whole community of the Israelites, "The land which we went through and reconnoitered is an exceedingly good land. If the LORD is pleased with us, he will bring us in this land and give it to us, a land which flows with milk and honey. Only do notrebel against the LORD! You need not be afraid of the people of the land, for they are but food for us! Their protection has left them, but the LORD is with us. Do not fear them." The Lord's Sentence. The whole community threatened to stone them. But the glory of the LORD ppeared at the tent of meeting to all the Israelites. And the LORD said to Moses: How long will this people spurn me? How long will they not trust me, despite all the signs I have performed among them? I will strike them with pestilence and disown them. Then I will make of you a nation greater and mightier than they. But Moses said to the LORD: The Egyptians will hear of this, for by your power you brought out this people from among them. They will tell the inhabitants of this land, who have heard that you,LORD, are in the midst of this people; you, LORD who directly revealed yourself! You coud stands over them, and you go before them by day in a column of cloud and by night in a column offire. If now you slay this people all at once, the nations who have heard such reports of you will say, 'The LORD was not able to bring this people into the land he swore to give them; that iswhy he slaughtered them in the wilderness.' Now then, may my Lord's forbearance be great, even as you have said, 'The LORD is slow to anger and abounding in kindness, forgiving iniquity and rebellion; yet certainly not declaring the guilty guiless, but punishing children to the third and fourth generation for their parents' iniquity.' Pardon, then, the iniquity of ths people in keeping with your great kindness, even as you have forgiven them from Egypt until now." The LORD answered; I pardon them as you have asked, Yet, by my life and the LORD's glory that fills the whole earth, of all the people who have seen my glory and the signs I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and who neverthelesss have putme to the test ten times already and have not obeyed me, not one shall see the land which I promised on oath to their ancestors. None of those who have spurned me shall see it. But as for my servent Caleb, because he has a different spirit and follows me unreservedly, I will bring him into the land which he entered, and his desendants shall possess it. But now, since the Amalekites and Canaanites are living in the valleys, turn away tomorrow and set out into the wilderness by way of the Red Sea road. The LORD also said to Moses and Aaron: How long will this wicked community grumble against me? I have heard the grumblings of the Israelites against me. Tell them: "By my life"---oracle of the LORD---"Iwill do to you just what I have heard you say. Here in the wilderness your dead bodies shall fall. Of all your men of twenty years or more, enrolled in your registration, who grumbled against me, not one of you shall enter the land where I solemnly swore to settle you, except Caleb, son of Jephunneh, and Joshua, son of Nun. Your little ones, however, who you said would be taken as spoil, I will bring in, and they shall know the land you rejected. But as for you, your bodies shall fall here in the wilderness, while your children will wander for forty years, suffering for your infidelity, till the last of you lies dead in the wilderness. Corresponding to the number of days you spent reconnoitering the land---forty days----you shall bear your punishment one year for each day: forty years. Thus you willl realize what it means to oppose me. I, the LORD, have spoken; and I will surely do this to this entire wicked community that conspired against me; here in the wilderness they shall come to their end and there they will die." And the men whom Moses had sent to reconnoiter the land and who on returning haad set the whole community grumbling against him by spreading discouraging reports about the land---- these men who had spread discourageing reports about the land were struck down by the LORD and died. Only Jeshua, son of Nun, and Caleb, son of Jephunneh, survived of all the men who had gone to reconnoiter the land. Unsuccessful Invasion. When Moses repeated these words to all the Israelites, the people mourned greatly. Early the next morning they started up high into the hill country, saying, "Here we are, ready to go up to the place that the LORD spoke of: for we did wrong." But Moses said, "Why are you now transgressing the LORD's order? This cannot succeed. Do not go up, because the LORD is not in your midst; do not allow yourself to be struck down by your enemies. For there the Amalekites and Canaanites will face you, and you will fall by the sword. You have turned back from following the LORD; therefore the LORD willnot be with you." Yet they dared to go up high into the hill country, even though neither the ark of the covenant ofthe LORD nor Moses left the camp. And the Amalekites and Canaanites who dwelt in that hill country came down and defeated them, beating them back as far as Hormah.
gertrude 2019-10-10
13 The Twelve Scouts. The LORD said to Moses: Send men to reconnoiter the land do Canaan, which I am giving the Israelites. You shall send one man from the wilderness of Paran, at the leader among them. So Moses sent them from the wilderness of Paran, at the direction of the LORD. All of them were leaders among the Israelites. These were their names; from the tribe of Reuben, Shammua, son of zaccur; from the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat, son of Hori; from the tribe of Judah, Caleb, son of Jephunneh; from the tribe of Issachar, Igal; for the Jesephites, from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea, son of Nun; from the tribe of Benjiamin, Raphu; from the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel, son of Sodi; for the Josephites, from the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi, son of Susi; from the tribe of Dan, Ammiel, son of Gemalli; from the tribe of Asher, Sethur, son of Michael; from the tribe of Naphbi, Nahbi, son of Vophsi; from the tribe of God, Geuel, son of Machi. These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to reconnoiter the land. But Hosea, son of Nun, Moses called Joshua. In sending them to reconnnoiter the land of Canaan, Moses said to them, "Go up there in the Negeb, up into the highlands, and see what kind of land it is andwhether the people living there are strong or weak, few or many. Is the country in which they live good or bad? Are the towns in which they dwell open or fortified? Is the soil fertile or barren, wooded or cleal? And do your best to get some of the fruit of the land. " It was then the season for early grapes. So they went up and reconnoitered the land from the wilderness of Zin as far as where Rehob adjoins Lebo-hamath. Going up by way of the Negeb, they reached Hebron, where Ahiman, Sheshai and Talmai, descendants of the Anakim, were.(Now Hebron had been built seven years befor Zoan in Egypt.) They also reached the Wadi Eshcol, where they cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes on it, which two of them carried on a pole, as some pomegranates and figs. It was because of the cluster the Israelites cut there that they called the place Wadi Eshol. Their Report. They returned from reconnoitering the land forty days later. Proceeding dire ctly to Moses and Aaron and the whole community of the Israelites in the wilderness of Paran at Kadesh, they made a report to them and to the whole community, showing them the fruit of the land. They told Moses: "We came to the land to which you sent us. It does indeed flow with milk and honey, and here is its fruit. However, the people who are living in the land are powerful, and the towns are fortified and very large. Besides, we saw descendants of the Anakim there. Amalekites live in the region of the Negeb; Hittites, Jebusites and Amorites dwell in the highlands, and Canaanites along the sea and the banks ofthe Jordan." Caleb, however, quieted the people before Moses and said, "We ought to go up and seize the land, for we can certainly prevail over it." But the men who had gone up with him said, "We cannot attack these people ; they are too strong for us." They spread discouraging reports among the Israelites about the land they had reconnoitered, saying, "The land that we went through and reconnoitered is a land that consumes its inhabitants. And all the people we saw there are huge. There we saw the Nephilim(the Anakim are from the Nephilim); in our own eyes we seemed like mere grassshoppers, and so we must have seemed to them."
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